What is a dentalimplant?
It is a titanium “screw”, which isinserted into the jaw bone or maxilla whose purpose is the replacement of oneor more missing teeth. It is presented as an alternative to conventionalprostheses, either fixed on teeth (bridges and crowns) or removable.
Before doing this type of intervention, thedentist must be informed of all health problems and allergies. If the patientis not sure, it is best to perform appropriate tests to see if it is necessaryto seek alternative dental treatment in the event of detection of anycontraindication of this technique.
To plan the surgery, the dentist will need tosee a CT scan that is performed for seeing the quantity and quality of bone tofix the position of the nerve, other anatomical structures and to establish thelength, diameter and direction of placement of the implant.
There are severaltechniques
– Conventional: in which a cut is made in the gum to access the boneand fix the implants to it by means of a bed or artificial alveolus drills.
– Transmucosa: in which the step of making a cut in the gum isskipped. It can only be carried out in specific cases, with wide osseous rims.
– Postextraction: in which the implant is placed immediately aftertooth extraction, using the alveolus itself as the implant bed. It is atechnique that must be foreseen, and it is not always possible to perform.
The procedure is usuallycarried out in two phases, a first one in which the implants are placed, and asecond one (after a variable time depending on each case), when the implantsare integrated with the bone, in which the prosthetic attachments that willreplace the teeth are placed.
In some cases,previously determined, the procedure can be carried out in a single phase, theimplant and the dental crown being placed at the same time. This type oftreatment requires a good quality and quantity of bone, so it is not alwayspossible, are called immediate loading implants.
Advantagesof dental implants.
They provide a fixedalternative, in most cases, to replace one, several or all the teeth in anarch.
It keeps the adjacentteeth intact, preventing them from being carved for the placement of bridges.
Prevents bonereabsorption that occurs automatically to the loss of a tooth.
Prevents the mobility ofadjacent teeth and antagonists after dental absence.
Come visit us at AsisaDental and solve your problems of dental absence with the best quality.
An article by: Dr. Míguez and Dr. Barrio