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March 25, 2019

Dailyphysical exercise is beneficially related to dental health. In recent years,several scientific studies have been published that show how certain diseasesof the oral cavity influence the body’s general responses. Thus, for example,periodontal disease is related to a decrease in aerobic capacity, balance andmotor coordination.

Onthe other hand, people who practice sports regularly have much lowerinflammatory markers than those who do not, which shows us that sport canprotect us from an excessive inflammatory response in periodontal diseases.

Therelationship between obesity, good physical health and periodontitis has alsobeen analyzed, concluding that people with a low body mass index and higher oxygen consumption during exercise (aerobic exercises) havebetter periodontal health. Obesity has also been shown to be a risk factor inperiodontal disease.

Inaddition, oral problems can cause a decrease in performance at the sportslevel, for example by decreasing respiratory capacity and that the severity ofperiodontal disease is directly related to the reduction of muscle strength,recovery, and neuromuscular coordination, causing in some cases inflammatoryproblems such as tendinitis, arthritis … that limit the athlete, especiallywhen associated with pain and functional limitation.

Otheroral disorders that can minimize sports performance are, for example,malocclusion producing alterations in balance, jaw tension, related to neck andback pain, or bad chewing that can cause a decrease in the energy power of theathlete.

Article by Dr. Miguel A. de Mingo